Table of Contents
- What is the Prostate?
- What is Prostate Cancer?
- Black Men and Prostate Cancer
- Risk Factors
- Screening and PSA Test
- Diagnosis and Staging
- I’ve Been Diagnosed… Now What?
- Lifestyle Changes
- Sexual Health
- For Caregivers: Friends and Family
Cryotherapy for prostate cancer freezes prostate tissue, causing cancer cells to die. This type of treatment is sometimes used as an alternative to surgical removal of the prostate gland.
Prostate cancer is fueled by male hormones, which are called androgens. The primary male androgen is testosterone. Hormone therapy, also called androgen deprivation therapy, or ADT, stops your body from making testosterone to stop or shrink the tumor.
Immunotherapy uses a man’s own immune cells to attack advanced prostate cancer. The cells are taken from the man with prostate cancer, activated to fight cancer cells and returned to the man.
Chemotherapy is the use of intravenous or oral drugs that target, kill and prevent cancer cells from multiplying. Chemotherapy is not a “last resort” treatment and having it earlier in treatment helps some men. Everyone responds to chemotherapy differently and other medications to address side effects are often given. Positive effects of chemotherapy are usually felt 2 weeks after starting treatment. Chemotherapy is usually given every 3 weeks for 6-10 cycles. While in chemotherapy, physicians will monitor your side effects, PSA levels, and tumour.
High Intensity Focused Ultrasound is a treatment currently in testing. It destroys the cancer by using sound waves on the prostate tumour.